Research Outputs

Research outputs

Rory's research has been published in Association of Business Schools (ABS) recognised journals as well as top journals for social enterprise and cooperative studies, including:

  • Human Relations (4*)

  • Business Strategy and Environment (3*)

  • Journal of Business Ethics (3*)

  • Corporate Governance: An International Review (3*)

  • European Sports Management Quarterly (3*)

  • Industrial Relations Journal (3*)

  • Public Management Review (3*)

  • International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour and Research (2*)

  • Social Enterprise Journal (1*)

  • Journal of Cooperative Studies

  • Journal of Entrepreneurial and Organisational Diversity (JEOD)

In 2011, he received best paper awards from Emerald Publishing and the Institute of Small Business and Entrepreneurship. In 2015, his contribution to social enterprise education was recognised by the International Social Innovation Research Conference. Twice returned by Sheffield Hallam University for research excellence in the UK (RAE 2008 and REF 2014), his research with Dr Tracey Coule underpinned a REF Impact Case on ‘Democratising Charities, Co‑operatives and Social Enterprises’. Rory’s work is downloaded from the Sheffield Hallam University Research Archive more often than any other academic working at Sheffield Business School.[1]

Peer-Reviewed Publications

To access the research, click the underlined title:

Ridley-Duff, R., Wren, D. and McCulloch, M. (2022). 'Wealth, Social Enterprise and the FairShares Model', In: Yagihashi, K. (ed.) New Municipalism: a new democracy to transform global capitalism from the local. Akashi Shoten.

Wren, D. and Ridley-Duff, R. (2021) 'Ontologies of employee ownership: A comparative analysis of trust-owned, directly-owned and cooperatively-owned enterprises', Journal of Entrepreneurial and Organisational Diversity, 10(1): DOI:

Ridley-Duff, R. and Bull, M. (2021) 'Common Pool Resource Institutions: The rise of internet platforms in the social solidarity economy', Business Strategy and Environment, 30(3): p. 1436-1453, DOI: 10.1002/bse.2707.

Ridley-Duff, R. (2020) 'New cooperativism as social innovation: Progress or regress?', Journal of Co-operative Studies, 53(3): 5-24,

Ridley-Duff, R., Schimdtchen, R. Arnold-Schaarschmidt, M. [and seven other authors] (2020) Creating Social Enterprises in FairShares Labs, Sheffield: FairShares Association, ASIN B085633X9K / ISBN 9798602721195.

McCulloch, M. and Ridley-Duff, R. (2019) 'To profit or not to profit? That is the wrong question', in 7th EMES International Conference on Social Enterprise (Selected Series), Sheffield, 24-27 June, 25 pages.

Ridley-Duff, R. and Bull, M. (2019) Understanding Social Enterprise: Theory and Practice, 3rd Edition, London: Sage Publications.

Ridley-Duff, R. (2019) ‘Cooperative social entrepreneurship: reflections on a decade embedding cooperative studies in social enterprise courses’, in Woodin, T. and Shaw, L. (eds) Learning for a Co-operative World: Education, social change and the Co-operative College, London: Trentham Books, pp. 134-153.

Ridley-Duff, R. and Bull, M. (2019) "Solidarity cooperatives: the (hidden) origins of communitarian pluralism in the UK social enterprise movement", Social Enterprise Journal, 15(2): 243-63,

Bostock, J., Breese, R., Ridley-Duff, R., Crowther, P. (2019) "Challenges for Third Sector Organisations in cutback management: a sporting case study of the implications of publicness", Public Management Review, 22(2): 184-205, DOI:10.1080/14719037.2019.1577911.

Ridley-Duff, R. and Wren, D. (2018) "Social enterprise, sustainable development and the FairShares model", Japanese Journal of Human Welfare Studies, 11(1): 23-42.

Levillain, K., Parker, S., Ridley-Duff, R., Segrestin, B., Veldman, J. and Willmott, K. (2018) ‘Protecting long-term commitment: legal and organisational means’, in Driver, C. and Thompson, G. (eds) Corporate Governance in Contention, Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 42-65.

Fletcher, N. and Ridley-Duff, R. (2018). "Management accounting information and the board meeting of an English further education college", Qualitative Research in Accounting and Management, 15(3): 313-340.

Bull, M. and Ridley-Duff, R. (2018). "Towards an appreciation of ethics in social enterprise business models", Journal of Business Ethics, 159(3): 619-32, DOI:

Bull, M., Ridley-Duff, R., Whittam, G. and Baines, S. (2018), "Challenging tensions and contradictions: Critical, theoretical and empirical perspectives on social enterprise", International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behavior & Research, 24(3): 582-86.

Ridley-Duff, R. (2018). “The internationalisation of FairShares: where agency meets structure in US and UK company law”, in Boeger, N. and Villiers, C. (eds), Shaping the Corporate Landscape, Oxford: Hart Publishing, pp. 309-332.

Bostock, J., Crowther, P., Ridley-Duff, R., Breese, R. (2018). "No Plan B: the Achilles heel of high performance sport management", European Sport Management Quarterly, 18(1): 25-46.

Ridley-Duff, R. and Grant, S. (2017) 'Asset-based co-operative management: OPERA as a process of critical appreciation', Journal of Co-operative Studies, 50(2): 29-44.

Bishop, N., Ridley-Duff, R. and Morgan, G. (2016) “Profit generation or community resource? Studying attitudes to the operation of a post office by a charity”, Social Enterprise Journal, 13(2): 368-86.

Ridley-Duff, R and Bull, M. (2016), “Rendering the social solidarity economy: exploring the case for a paradigm shift in the visibility of co-operative and mutual enterprises in business education and policy, in Cooperatives - The Power to Act (2016 Scientific Papers), Lévis : Sommet international des coopératives, 21p.

Ridley-Duff, R. J. and Bull, M. (2016) Understanding Social Enterprise: Theory and Practice (2nd Edition), London: Sage Publications. [First edition published 2011].

McCulloch, M. and Ridley-Duff, R. (2016). “Beyond accounting for capitals: FairShares – a model for recompensing capital contributions”, In Rethinking Capitals, 4, published online at

Ridley-Duff, R. J. (2015) “The FairShares Model: an ethical approach to social enterprise development?”, Econviews – Review of Contemporary Economic, Entrepreneurship and Business Issues, 28(1): 43–66.

Gilligan, C. and Ridley-Duff, R. (2015). Principles for Responsible Management Education, 2015 SIP Report by Sheffield Business School. Sheffield, Sheffield Business School.

Ridley-Duff, R. J. (2015). The Case for FairShares: a new model for social enterprise development and the strengthening of the social and solidarity economy, Charleston: CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform.

Ridley-Duff, R. J. and Duncan, G. (2015). “What is critical appreciation? Insights from studying the critical turn in an appreciative inquiry”, Human Relations, 68(10), 1579-99.

Dobson, S., Sukumar, A., Ridley-Duff, R., Roast, C. and Abell, B. (2014). “Reciprocity and resilience: teaching and learning sustainable social enterprise through gaming”, Journal of Organisational Transformation and Social Change, 12(1): 42-56.

Ridley-Duff, R. J. and Bull, M. (2014). “Entrepreneurship: social innovation for value creation”, in Laasch, O. and Conway, R. (ed.) Principles of Responsible Management, Cengage Learning, pp. 186-219.

Duncan, G. and Ridley-Duff, R. J. (2014). “Appreciative Inquiry as a method of transforming identity and power in Pakistani women", Action Research, 12(2): 117-34.

Ridley-Duff, R. J. and Ponton, A. (2013). "Workforce participation: developing a theoretical framework for longitudinal research", Journal of Co-operative Studies, 46(3): 3-25.

Seanor, P., Bull, M., Baines, S. and Ridley-Duff. R. (2013). “Narratives of transition from social to enterprise: you can't get there from here”, International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour and Research, 19(3): 324-43.

Ridley-Duff, R. J. and Southcombe, C. (2012). “The Social Enterprise Mark: a critical review of its conceptual dimensions”, Social Enterprise Journal, 8(3), 178-200.

Ridley-Duff, R. J. (2012). “New frontiers in democratic self-management”, in McDonell, D. and Macknight, E. (eds), The Cooperative Model in Practice, Glasgow: Co-operative Education Trust, pp. 99-117.

Ridley-Duff, R. J. and Bennett, A. J. (2011). “Towards mediation: developing a theoretical framework for alternative dispute resolution”, Industrial Relations Journal, 42(2): 106-23.

Bull, M., Ridley-Duff, R. J., Foster, D. and Seanor, P. (2010). “Conceptualizing ethical capital in social enterprises”, Social Enterprise Journal, 6(3): 250-64.

Ridley-Duff, R. (2010). "Communitarian governance in social enterprises: case evidence from the Mondragon Cooperative Corporation and School Trends Ltd", Social Enterprise Journal, 6(2): 125-145.

Ridley-Duff, R. (2010). Emotion, Seduction and Intimacy: Alternative Perspectives on Human Behaviour, 3rd edition, Seattle: Booktrope. [Edited by Dr Poonam Thapa].

Ridley-Duff, R. J. (2009). “Cooperative social enterprises: company rules, access to finance and management practice”, Social Enterprise Journal, 5(1): 50-68.

Ridley-Duff, R. J. (2008). “Social enterprise as a socially rational business”, International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour and Research, 14(5), 291-312.

Ridley-Duff, R. J. (2007). “Communitarian perspectives on social enterprise”, Corporate Governance: An International Review, 15(2), 382-392.

Other Important Publications

The publications listed below may not be peer-reviewed to the same standard as a journal publication, but are important papers in understanding Prof Ridley-Duff's thinking and philosophy.

Ridley-Duff (2012) Attraction Theory and the struggle for gender equality, Sheffield: Centre for Individual and Organisational Development, Working Paper.

[1] Sheffield Hallam University Research Archive: 52,313 downloads as at 31st July 2017.